February 13, 2019 Meeting

Highlights of CES 2019

Andy Marken returns to SPAUG to review the highlights and the best new products of the 2019 Consumer Electronics Show.

Andy Marken is President of Marken Communications and has been involved in the marketing of storage technology for more than 25 years. His experience includes work with Panasonic, Verbatim, Matsushita, Plasmon, Nikon, Mitsubishi Chemical, OWC, Newertech and a number of storage solution manufacturers Andy can be reached at andy@markencom.com.

The meeting will be held at the Palo Alto Elks Lodge, 4249 El Camino Real, Palo Alto and begins at 7PM. We will be meeting in the Library/Card Room across the hall from the Lodge Room.

For those who enjoy the schmooze, we will have our usual no-host pre-meeting dinner st 5:30PM in the Bistro Café on the first floor of the lodge.

Happy SPAUG 2019

We are starting 2019 with a double header.

The January 2019 SPAUG meeting will feature two separate lectures by SPAUG President Maurice Green:

  1. Tips and Tricks for Video Editing – Maury will demonstrate some of the special effects which can be achieved with a video editing program like Pinnacle Studio or Adobe Premiere. Topics will include exposure adjustment, lower third titling, combining stills and video and producing animated gifs.
  2. So You Want to Build a Website – This lecture will be the first in a series of lectures for the long anticipated WordPress class. We will discuss the evolution of websites from simple HTML to modern day mobile responsive CMS systems. The lecture will cover the basic elements of a website, setting up a local web server on your computer and installing the  WordPress system.

The meeting will be held at the Palo Alto Elks Lodge, 4249 El Camino Real, Palo Alto. We will be meeting in the Library/Card Room across the hall from the Lodge Room.

For those who enjoy the schmooze, we will have the no-host pre-meeting dinner st 5:30PM in the Bistro Café on the first floor.

And for those of you who have difficulties traveling or for whatever reason can’t join us at the Elks Lodge, the meeting will be broadcast as a live video conference using ZOOM software starting at 7:15 PST.

To join the Zoom Meeting
https://zoom.us/j/768496111

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+16699006833,,768496111# US (San Jose)

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+1 669 900 6833 US (San Jose)
Meeting ID: 768 496 111

The WordPress class which will follow later in January, will also be presented as a video lecture on Zoom. Details will be provided to registrants for the course. The sessions will be recorded and will be available on the WebDesignSIG website for those who miss the lecture.

And for those of you interested in meeting other WordPress users, from novice to expert, Maury will be leading the newly formed Palo Alto WordPress Meetup. Details on the first meeting will be announced soon.

 

Phishing Attacks: How to Spot Them

WHAT IS PHISHING &
HOW ARE HACKERS USING IT?
Steve von Ehrenkrook,  CJS Associates

While the number of people falling for sending personal information to the crown prince of Nigeria in hopes of receiving his promised wealth and riches seems to be dropping, phishing remains a major issue. In fact, the number of phishing campaigns pursued by hackers around the world increased 65% in the last year.

What exactly is phishing? Hackers mimic the emails, forms, and websites of legitimate companies in an effort to lure people into providing their private, personal information, like credit cards numbers, social security information, account logins, and personal identifiers. The victim typically doesn’t realize they’ve been compromised until long after the event, and oftentimes only after their identify or finances are affected. In the past, an attack was carried out relatively quickly. As soon as the victim gave up their information, the hacker moved in and stole money from the compromised bank account. Today, it’s often more lucrative for hackers to sell that information on the Dark Web, resulting in longer-lasting, even more devastating attacks.

3 Types Of Phishing Attacks

Spear Phishing

Phishing attempts directed at specific individuals or companies have been termed spear phishing. Attackers may gather personal information about their target to increase their probability of success. This technique is by far the most successful on the Internet today, accounting for 91% of attacks.

Threat Group-4127 used spear phishing tactics to target email accounts linked to Hillary Clinton‘s 2016 presidential campaign. They attacked more than 1,800 Google accounts and implemented accounts-google.com domain to threaten targeted users.

Clone Phishing

Clone phishing is a type of phishing attack whereby a legitimate, and previously delivered, email containing an attachment or link has had its content and recipient address(es) taken and used to create an almost identical or cloned email. The attachment or link within the email is replaced with a malicious version and then sent from an email address spoofed to appear to come from the original sender. It may claim to be a resend of the original or an updated version to the original. This technique could be used to pivot (indirectly) from a previously infected machine and gain a foothold on another machine, by exploiting the social trust associated with the inferred connection due to both parties receiving the original email.

Whaling

Several phishing attacks have been directed specifically at senior executives and other high-profile targets within businesses, and the term whaling has been coined for these kinds of attacks. In the case of whaling, the masquerading web page/email will take a more serious executive-level form. The content will be crafted to target an upper manager and the person’s role in the company. The content of a whaling attack email is often written as a legal subpoena, customer complaint, or executive issue. Whaling scam emails are designed to masquerade as a critical business email, sent from a legitimate business authority. The content is meant to be tailored for upper management, and usually involves some kind of falsified company-wide concern. Whaling phishers have also forged official-looking FBI subpoena emails, and claimed that the manager needs to click a link and install special software to view the subpoena.

Have you ever gotten an email from your bank or medical office asking you to update your information online or confirm your username and password? Maybe a suspicious email from your boss asking you to execute some wire transfer. That is most likely a spear phishing attempt, and you’re among the 76% of businesses that were victims of a phishing attack in the last year.

Method Of Delivery

Phishing scams are not always received through email and hackers are getting trickier and trickier with their preferred method of execution. Last year, in 2017, officials caught on to attacks using SMS texting (smishing)Voice phishing (vishing) or social engineering, a method in which users can be encouraged to click on various kinds of unexpected content for a variety of technical and social reasons.

Ransomware: The Consequence

Phishing is the most widely used method for spreading ransomware, and has increased significantly since the birth of major ransomware viruses like Petya and Wannacry. Anyone can become a victim of phishing, and, in turn, ransomware attacks; however, hackers have begun targeting organizations that are more likely to pay the ransoms. Small businesses, education, government, and healthcare often, unfortunately, don’t have valid data backups, so they are unable to roll back to a pre-ransomed version of their data. Instead, they have to pay their way out or cease to exist. Outside of ransom costs, victims of phishing campaigns are often branded as untrustworthy, and many of their customers turn to their competitors, resulting in even greater financial loss.

Why are effective phishing campaigns so rampant despite public awareness from media coverage?

Volume: There are nearly 5 million new phishing sites created every month, according to Webroot Threat Report. There are now even Phishing as a Service companies, offering phishing attacks in exchange for payment. One Russian website, “Fake Game,” claims over 61,000 subscribers and 680,000 credentials stolen.

They Work: Over 30% of phishing messages get opened, and 12% of targets click on the embedded attachments or links, according to the Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report. In short, these hackers have gotten really good at looking really legitimate.

They’re simple to Execute: New phishing campaigns and sites can be built by sophisticated hackers in a matter of minutes. While we think there are far more legitimate ways to be earning money, these individuals have made a living out of duplicating their successful campaigns.

How do you protect yourself from a phishing attack?

Now that you have an understanding of what phishing is, the next part will teach you How to Spot a Phishing Attack.

Would you know if you were the subject of a phishing attack? Many people claim that they’d be able to tell right away if they received an email from an illegitimate source. If that were the case, there wouldn’t be 1.5 million new phishing sites every month, a 65% increase in attacks in the last year, and hackers would have moved on to their next idea for swindling people out of their identities and money. How do you spot a phishing attack and avoid falling victim yourself?

Look For These Red Flags:

  1. Sender Email Address: Always check to make sure that the email address is legitimate. Amateur hackers will send things from Gmail or Hotmail accounts and hope you don’t notice. More sophisticated hackers will closely mimic an actual email domain, like amazonprime.com rather than amazon.com. Double check the email address before responding, clicking, or opening, even if the from name appears correct.
  2. Discrepancies in Writing Format: If the attack is coming from overseas, you’re likely to notice some small issues in writing format, like writing a date as 4th April, 2018 rather than April 4, 2018. While this is subtle, it should be a red flag.
  3. Grammar Issues: We all fall victim to the occasional typo, but if you receive an email riddled with grammar and spelling mistakes, consider the source. It’s likely a hacker, especially if the email supposedly comes from a major organization.
  4. Sender Name: This one is also difficult to track, but phishing emails will typically close with a very generic name to avoid raising suspicion. You should recognize the people that send you emails, or at the very least, clearly understand their role at the organization.
  5. Link Destination: Before you click on any link in an email, hover over it. The destination URL should pop up. Check out the domain name of this URL. Similar to the sender email address, make sure that this address is legitimate before clicking.
  6. Attachments: Is it realistic to expect an attachment from this sender? Rule of thumb, don’t open any attachment you don’t expect to receive, whether it’s a Zip file, PDF or otherwise. The payload for a ransomware attack often hides inside.
  7. Email Design: A cooky font like Comic Sans should immediately raise red flags if you don’t clearly recognize the sender.
  8. Links to Verify Information: Never, ever click on a link to verify information. Instead, if you think the information does need updating, go directly to the website. Type in your email and password, and update your information from the Account tab. Always go directly to the source.
  9. Odd Logo Use: Hackers try their best to mimic the site’s look and feel. Oftentimes, they get very close; but they won’t be perfect. If something feels off, it probably is.

While there is no fool-proof method for avoiding falling victim to a phishing attack, knowing how to spot likely culprits is one step in the right direction.

September 12, 2018 Meeting 7PM – 9PM

design & Technology! making a difference

Abigayil Tamara, M.A., M.S.W.

Good design helps make a difference in the use of a product. Some products  help increase functionality more than others. Technology has greatly increased this process, and we have seen rapid changes in many industries. Technological advances allow individuals of all ages, abilities and differences to be more productive, independent, and live happier lives.

Abigayil Tamara is an artist,  art educator, clinical social worker, and computer graphic designer. She is mobility and visually impaired, and has a bipolar disorder. Her service dog (Nathan) is from Canine Partners For Life (CPL).

Abigayil serves on the advisory board of CPL has been on the Board of Directors of NAMI SCC (National Alliance for Mental Illness) and SVILC (Silicon Valley Independent Living Center) , and has chaired NAMI SCC’s Consumer Advisory Council. She has volunteered for the Vista Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired.  Abby is passionate about making a difference and advocating for the rights of individuals with disabilities.

I am making an updated version of a game I created 12 years ago celebrating wellness that is for groups on inpatient psychiatric units. It is a fun way to deal with therapeutic issues. I enjoy the freedom of the wonderful outdoors, and want to explore more places by camping. I want to continue to build relationships and share experiences with others of all ages. It is important to me to enjoy meditative and mindful experiences to create inner peace for myself, and impart it to others.

For more information about Abby’s activities, check out these references:

Abby and her power chair (WHILL Model M)

Stanford ENGR110/210 Perspectives in Assistive Technology

The meeting will be held from 7PM to 9PM at the Palo Alto Elks Lodge, 4249 El Camino Real, Palo Alto. We will be meeting in the Library/Card Room across the hall from the Lodge Room.

For those who enjoy the schmooze, we will have the no-host pre-meeting dinner at 5:30PM in the Bistro Café on the first floor.

August 8, 2018 Meeting

Elections and Computer Technology

Maurice Green, PhD

Computers have become indispensable in modern election campaigns.
Maurice Green has been involved in a number of local elections in support of grass-roots initiatives and local candidates. He will demonstrate and discuss some of the uses of computer technology in election campaigns, including:

  1. Use of computer databases, voter rolls and voter histories to identify likely supporters
  2. User demographics for targeting social media advertising
  3. Computer mapping for campaign organization

The meeting will be held at the Palo Alto Elks Lodge, 4249 El Camino Real, Palo Alto. We will be meeting in the Library/Card Room across the hall from the Lodge Room.

For those who enjoy the schmooze, we will have the no-host pre-meeting dinner st 5:30PM in the Bistro Café on the first floor.